What is Inverter? | Parts | Types | Working - Electrical C & V


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02 May 2020

What is Inverter? | Parts | Types | Working

What is Inverter?

Inverter is an electric device using which we can convert DC current to AC current and also convert AC current to DC current.

What is Inverter? | Parts | Types | Working
In common language, The Inverter used in our homes is such a device from which we can generate electricity with the help of batteries and also charge that battery when the main power comes.

Why do we need an Inverter?

Often power is lost in our homes and in such a situation we are unable to use the appliances that run on electricity. Often we have to either light lamps in our homes or use emergency lights after the electricity is cut off.

But if you want that even after the power is cut off, the electric bulb can burn in your house, the fan can run and other essential appliances can also run, then you will need to buy an inverter.

Parts of Inverter

1) Battery:-

The battery is the power source of any inverter. For the output power you get from the inverter, the energy required is taken from the battery itself. You have to buy the required ampere battery according to the load of your house.

2) UPS (Inverter):-

The full form of UPS is "Uninterruptible Power Supply". Its job is to convert the DC current of the battery into an AC power supply.

In simple words, UPS's job is to convert the battery supply into electricity supply in the absence of electricity and charge the same battery from the power supply. UPS has to be bought according to the ampere of your battery.

Types of Inverter

1. Electricity Power Inverter:-

The Inverter in which we use an electric mains supply to charge the battery is called a power inverter. Power Inverter is also of the two types…

i) Modified Sine Wave Inverter

The modified sine wave inverter is a simple inverter that has less circuitry, which makes it cheaper. But due to less circuit usage, this inverter consumes more power and battery and its efficiency is also not correct.

ii) Pure Sine Wave Inverter

Pure sine wave inverter is fitted with the highest quality and many types of circuits, due to which it is slightly more expensive than a modified inverter. But due to the extra circuits installed in this inverter, its efficiency is very good and it consumes minimum energy while working.

2) Solar Inverter 

The Inverter in which the sun's rays are used to charge the battery is called a solar inverter.

Solar plates are needed to charge the solar inverter, which is very expensive. If electricity remains in your area for a long time, then you can buy a solar inverter, but for this, you will have to spend more money because the solar plate used for it is very expensive.

Although you do not need electricity to charge the battery of this inverter but since the solar plate can only work in sunlight during the day, the solar inverter also has the option of charging you from the main power supply. And if you want, you can also charge it with electricity.

Keep in mind that there is a separate solar inverter and solar battery for the solar inverter and we cannot use it on the power inverter or battery.

Working of Inverter:- 

The Inverter works on the rules of charging and discharging. As we have said in the parts of the inverter, the inverter or UPS converts it into AC supply by using the energy of the battery in the absence of electricity and when the power comes, it starts charging the battery.

What is Inverter? | Parts | Types | Working
Working of Inverter
The Inverter bypasses the output supply while charging the battery. That is, during charging, all the load of your house goes on your main supply, which ends the load on the battery and it starts charging fast and this also increases the life of the battery.

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